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Rural Social Movements and Agroecology: Context, Theory, and Process

Peter M Rosset, Center for the Study of Rural Change in Mexico (CECCAM); University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Maria Elena Martínez-Torres, Center for Research and Graduate Education on Social Anthropology-Southeast Campus (CIESAS-Sureste)


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Rural social movements have in recent years adopted agroecology and diversified farming systems as part of their discourse and practice. Here, we situate this phenomenon in the evolving context of rural spaces that are increasingly disputed between agribusiness, together with other corporate land-grabbers, and peasants and their organizations and movements. We use the theoretical frameworks of disputed material and immaterial territories and of re-peasantization to explain the increased emphasis on agroecology by movements in this context. We provide examples from the farmer-to-farmer movement to show the advantages that social movements bring to the table in taking agroecology to scale and discuss the growing agroecology networking process in the transnational peasant and family farmer movement La Vía Campesina.

Key words

agroecology; disputed territories; farmer-to-farmer; re-peasantization; social movements; Via Campesina

Copyright © 2012 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087