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Global Impacts of European Agricultural and Biofuel Policies

Anne Gerdien Prins, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL)
Bas Eickhout, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL); European Parliament
Martin Banse, Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI); Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute (vTI)
Hans van Meijl, Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI)
Willem Rienks, Rom3D, formerly Alterra, Research Institute for the Green Space, Wageningen University and Research Centre
Geert Woltjer, Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-03760-160149

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Abstract

Food supply and food distribution have been and are important issues in the global political arena. The recent emergence of biofuel policies has increased the influence of the policy arena on agricultural production. In this paper we show the regional impact of changes in the European Common Agricultural Policy and biofuel policy. Shifting trade patterns, changes in agricultural production, and expansion of agricultural area or intensification of agriculture result in changes in land use and land use emissions. Higher prices for agricultural crops on the world market together with changing production raise agricultural income. Brazil is the region the most affected. The results show that arrangements or policies will be needed to avoid negative impacts in other regions of changing agricultural or biofuel policies in the European Union.

Key words

agricultural income; biodiversity; biofuels; CAP reform; land use

Copyright © 2011 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087