Complex Land Systems: the Need for Long Time Perspectives to Assess their Future
John A. Dearing, University of Southampton
Ademola K. Braimoh, Global Land Project, Sapporo Nodal Office, Hokkaido University; World Bank
Anette Reenberg, Global Land Project, International Project Office, University of Copenhagen
Billie L. Turner, Arizona State University
Sander van der Leeuw, Arizona State University
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The growing awareness about the need to anticipate the future of land systems focuses on how well we understand the interactions between society and environmental processes within a complexity framework. A major barrier to understanding is insufficient attention given to long (multidecadal) temporal perspectives on complex system behavior that can provide insights through both analog and evolutionary approaches. Analogs are useful in generating typologies of generic system behavior, whereas evolutionary assessments provide insight into site-specific system properties. Four dimensions of these properties: (1) trends and trajectories, (2) frequencies, thresholds and alternate steady states, (3) slow and fast processes, and (4) legacies and contingencies, are discussed. Compilations and analyses of past information and data from instruments and observations, palaeoenvironmental archives, and human and environmental history are now the subject of major international effort. The embedding of empirical information over multidecadal timescales in attempts to define and model sustainable and adaptive management of land systems is now not only possible, but also necessary.
adaptation; complex systems; Global Land Project; land systems; multidecadal timescales; resilience; socioecological systems; sustainability science
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