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Resilience: Accounting for the Noncomputable

Stephen R Carpenter, University of Wisconsin
Carl Folke, Stockholm University; Beijer Institute
Marten Scheffer, Wageningen University
Frances Westley, University of Waterloo

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-02819-140113

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Abstract

Plans to solve complex environmental problems should always consider the role of surprise. Nevertheless, there is a tendency to emphasize known computable aspects of a problem while neglecting aspects that are unknown and failing to ask questions about them. The tendency to ignore the noncomputable can be countered by considering a wide range of perspectives, encouraging transparency with regard to conflicting viewpoints, stimulating a diversity of models, and managing for the emergence of new syntheses that reorganize fragmentary knowledge.

Key words

resilience; adaptation; transformation; surprise

Copyright © 2009 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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