Ecology and Society Ecology and Society
E&S Home > Vol. 3, Iss. 1 > Resp. 2 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
Two Cultures: Not Unique to Ecology

Marc A Saner, Carleton University, Department of Philosophy


Full Text: HTML
Download Citation


Using examples from different disciplines, I show that the dualism between "analytical" and "integrative" approaches to scientific investigation is not unique to ecology. I argue that the resolution of (1) the apparent conflict between the two cultures of ecology and (2) the problem of finding a sound direction during the transition of ecology would benefit from a transdisciplinary approach. Candidate disciplines are any science within which complex systems are being investigated, as well as philosophy of science and environmental ethics.

Key words

complex systems; cybernetics; dualism; environmental ethics; holism; philosophy of science; reductionism; systems approach.

Copyright © 1999 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087