Context matters: horizontal and hierarchical network governance structures in Vietnam’s sanitation sector
Manuel Fischer, Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland; University of Bern
Mi Nguyen, Nguyen Tat Thanh Hi-Tech Institute, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Linda Strande, Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland
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Governance networks describe the complex relations among different types of actors involved in the governance of a policy issue. Here, we ask how different institutional and socioeconomic contextual conditions influence the structure of these networks and result in more horizontal or hierarchical types of governance networks. To answer this question, we study Vietnam’s sanitation sector and compare two different provinces, Hanoi and Ben Tre. More specifically, we analyze networks of information exchange among key actors based on face-to-face interviews and prestructured questionnaires. We find that in the highly urbanized capital city of Hanoi, which serves as a national leader of innovation, where national and international actors are present, and where local actors have high capacities, information exchange tends to follow horizontal network structures. In the more rural, typical province of Ben Tre, hierarchical structures dominate.
hierarchical network structures; horizontal network structures; information exchange; network governance; sanitation; Vietnam
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