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Action-orientated research and framework: insights from the French long-term social-ecological research network

Vincent Bretagnolle, LTSER "Zone Atelier Plaine & Val de Sèvre," CEBC CNRS, Villiers-en-Bois, France
Marc Benoit, LTSER "Zone Atelier Moselle," Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France; INRA, unité Aster, Mirecourt, France
Mathieu Bonnefond, LTSER "Zone Atelier Loire," Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, EA 4630 Laboratoire Géomatique et Foncier, France
Vincent Breton, LTSER, "Zone Atelier Territoires Uranifères," Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS/IN2P3, LPC, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Jon M. Church, University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, HABITER EA 2076, France
Sabrina Gaba, USC 1339, Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé, INRA, Villiers-en-Bois, France; LTSER "Zone Atelier Plaine & Val de Sèvre," CNRS, Villiers-en-Bois, France
Daniel Gilbert, LTSER "Zone Atelier Arc Jurassien," Besançon, France
François Gillet, LTSER "Zone Atelier Arc Jurassien," Besançon, France; Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UMR CNRS 6249 Chrono-environnement, Besançon, France
Sandrine Glatron, LTSER "Zone Atelier Environnementale Urbaine," Strasbourg, France; Laboratoire Dynamiques Européennes, CNRS-Unistra, Strasbourg, France
Chloé Guerbois, Nelson Mandela University, Sustainability Research Unit, George Campus, George, South Africa; LTSER "Zone Atelier Hwange," Dete, Zimbabwe
Nicolas Lamouroux, IRSTEA, UR RIVERLY, Lyon, France
Marc Lebouvier, LTSER "Zone Atelier Antarctique," UMR Ecobio, Rennes, France
Camille Mazé, LIENSs (UMR 7266), La Rochelle, France
Jean-Marie Mouchel, LTSER "Zone Atelier Seine," UMR METIS, Sorbonne-Université, CNRS, EPHE, Paris, France
Annie Ouin, UMR DYNAFOR, INRA - Toulouse INP, France; LTSER ZA PYAGR, Toulouse, France
Olivier Pays, LTSER "Zone Atelier Hwange," Dete, Zimbabwe; UMR 6554 CNRS, LETG-Angers, Université d'Angers, Angers, France
Christophe Piscart, LTSER "Zone Atelier Armorique," Univ. Rennes, UMR Ecobio, Rennes, France
Olivier Ragueneau, LTSER "Zone Atelier Brest-Iroise," CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR, Univ. Brest, Plouzane, France
Sylvie Servain, LTSER "Zone Atelier Loire," Tours, France; UMR 7324 CITERES, CNRS, Tours Univ., Tours, France
Thomas Spiegelberger, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Irstea, UR LESSEM, Grenoble, France; LTSER "Zone Atelier Alpes," Grenoble, France
Hervé Fritz, Nelson Mandela University, Sustainability Research Unit, George Campus, George, South Africa; LTSER "Zone Atelier Hwange," Dete, Zimbabwe; CNRS UMR 5558, Université de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne Cedex, France

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-10989-240310

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Abstract

Many social-ecological system(SES)-based approaches have been proposed to address environmental problems. Most social-ecological frameworks developed to date, however, lack clear operational linkages between humans and nature to efficiently guide SESs toward resilience. A conceptual framework designed to be operational is therefore necessary, as well as a network of research platforms with which to apply it. We defined explicit coupling processes that can be used as leverages to pilot an SES toward sustainability. We proposed to formalize an SES as a dynamic entity composed of two coupling interfaces, i.e., adaptive management and ecosystem services, both set within a landscape context to provide an actionable framework. These interfaces describe the way various actors, including scholars, benefit from and manage complex and changing interactions between the biophysical and social templates. Understanding the key processes underlying the interaction dynamics, especially those leveraging adaptive management processes, would help identify adaptive pathways for practices and collective actions, provide a crucial knowledge base for policy makers, and foster operationality as a requisite of an SES research agenda. Using several examples, we explained why long-term social-ecological research platforms provide an ideal operational network of research infrastructures to conduct place-based action-orientated research targeting the sustainability of SESs.

Key words

adaptive governance; ecosystem services; landscape; LTER; management; practices; research infrastructure; social-ecological systems; sustainability

Copyright © 2019 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087