Table 4. Most frequent extreme events according to gender, based on focus group discussions in each village, with 4 separate groups of men, young and mature, and women, young and mature.

Village Perception of seasonal events
Men Women
Papasena
1 & 2
Prolonged dry seasons and strong winds Prolonged rains
Kwerba No clear gender-specific differences No clear gender-specific differences
Burmeso Long droughts Prolonged rains and floods
Metaweja Floods Strong winds (but reported responses to extreme events were about floods).
Yoke Prolonged dry seasons and strong winds. Prolonged rainy seasons (affecting long-term crops) and prolonged dry seasons (affecting short-term crops).
There are age-specific differences in the perception: elders: prolonged rains and floods; youth: prolonged droughts.