Table 2. Potential indicators and sources of information for evaluating readiness for adaptation.

Adaptation architecture Indicator Sources of information
Political leadership Statements of importance and need for adaptation by national leaders; inclusion of adaptation as a policy priority Speeches at Conference of the Parties meetings; attendance at Conference of the Parties meetings; leadership identified in UNFCCC National Communications or National Adaptation Programmes of Action

Institutional organization Lead department / agency identified OR interagency group established; presence of adaptation planning document

Lead organization specified for UNFCCC National Communications or National Adaptation Programmes of Action; adaptation planning documents

Stakeholder involvement Stakeholders involved in national climate change assessments and policy consultation; co-authorship on publications

National assessments; stakeholders consultation noted in UNFCCC National Communications; NAPA
Climate change information National climate change assessments produced; existence of NAPA; completion of UNFCCC National Communications; nation-specific peer-reviewed literature

UNFCCC National Communications; peer-reviewed and gray literature review; research needs identification in articles / reports; NAPA
Appropriate use of decision making techniques Use of decision-making tools (e.g., cost benefit analysis, matrices etc); use of climate change adaptation frameworks

UNFCCC National Communications; national assessments; NAPA
Consideration of adaptation barriers

Policy reviews to identify barriers UNFCCC National Communications; national assessments; NAPA

Funding Identified funds for adaptation; specific program for adaptation UNFCCC National Communications; national assessments; climate change programs / policies / announcements; peer-reviewed literature

Technology Investment in climate-resilient technologies UNFCCC National Communications; national assessments; peer-reviewed and gray lit; National Adaptation Programmes of Action

Adaptation research Research programs for adaptation developed UNFCCC National Communications; national assessments; climate change programs / policies / announcements; peer-reviewed literature