Table 2. Research foci and methodologies in the dry alpine region Visp.

Research Field Research Foci Methodology References
S E M
Ecology Impact of drought on growth and mortality of mature trees. Adaptive potential to drought of native and non-native tree species. x x Bigler et al. 2006, Brunner et al. 2009, Dobbertin et al. 2010, Eilmann et al. 2010, 2011, Eilmann and Rigling 2012, Rigling et al. 2013.
Effects of drought on inter-specific competition, insects, pathogens, parasites and its impact on growth and mortality of mature trees. x x Weber et al. 2008a, Wermelinger et al. 2008, Zweifel et al. 2009, Rigling et al. 2010, Heiniger et al. 2011
The role of disturbances, climate and competition on forest regeneration. x x Moser et al. 2010, Richter et al. 2012
Impact of past forest management such as grazing or litter raking on forest dynamics. x x Weber et al. 2008b, Gimmi et al. 2010
Calibration of models addressing climate impacts at the landscape scale (LandClim, mechanistic model of landscape dynamics). x x Schumacher and Bugmann 2006, Elkin and Bugmann 2010, Elkin et al. 2012, 2013
Testing management options to increase stand heterogeneity and tree resistance against drought. x Rigling et al. 2012, Elkin et al. 2013
Ecology &
Socioeconomics
Modeling concomitant effects of climate and land-use change on the provision of ecosystem goods and services. x Briner 2012, Briner et al. 2012b
Socioeconomics Constructing consistent regional multiscale scenarios by transdisciplinary processes. x Brand et al. 2012
Policy Role of network governance in enhancing sustainable development in mountain areas. x Ingold et al. 2010, Hirschi 2010
Governance modes of adaptation measures in Canton Valais. x Widmer and Hirschi, unpublished manuscript
S = (Field) Survey; E = Experiments; M = Modeling