Fig. 5. Trade-offs and synergies caused by a change in the greenhouse gas balance in 2010 (continuous lines) and in 2080 (dashed lines). Lines show the deviation of ecosystem services (ES) provision from the economic optimum in 2010 and 2080, respectively, if greenhouse gas sequestration is increased over constraints. Greenhouse gas sequestration in 2010 equals 0%. Because greenhouse gas sequestration in the economic optimum is lower in 2080 than in 2010, deviation starts at -20%.