Table 1. Description and descriptive statistics of variables used in the analyses.

Variables Description Mean  SD 
Dependent variables
TEK_general Sum of the score obtained in 36 questions related to transhumance. Standardized 0–100 (continuous) 59.76 12.78
TEK_past Sum of the score obtained in 14 questions referring to how things were done in the past, ancient practices, or situations that do not occur nowadays. Standardized 0–100 (continuous) 51.28 14.00
TEK_transhumance Sum of the score obtained in 14 questions referring exclusively to the transhumance livestock raising model. Standardized 0–100 (continuous) 57.04 16.40
TEK_environment Sum of the score obtained in 11 questions referring to the relationships to and management of ecosystems. Standardized 0–100 (continuous) 53.94 15.07
TEK_indicators Sum of the score obtained in three questions referring to indicators of meteorological changes. Standardized 0–100 (continuous) 70.80 20.59
TEK_sanitary Sum of the score obtained in four questions referring to sanitary practices for maintaining or restoring animal health. Standardized 0–100 (continuous) 32.40 12.74
Use Sum of the score obtained in seven questions referring to the use of practices (3, indicating that the person used the practice in 2011; 2, indicating use of the practice at least once in the last 5 years; 1, indicating use more than 5 years ago; and 0, indicating that the person had never used the practice). Standardized 0–100 (continuous)
 
1.10 0.59
Independent variables (continuous)
Age Age of the informant, in years 53.29 18.16
Years transhumance on foot Number of years the informant had done the transhumance on foot 3.62 5.71
Years transhumance by truck Number of years the informant had done the transhumance by truck 10.16 7.16
Years transhumance by train
 
Number of years the informant had done the transhumance by train
 
10.47 9.86
Independent variables (dummies and ordinals)
Male Gender of the respondent (male = 1, female = 0) 89.12
Children of transhumant Is the informant the son/daughter of a transhumant? 1: yes, 0: no 80.27
Livestock raising as main occupation Is the informant currently a full-time livestock raiser? 1: yes, 0: no 78.91
Transhumant on foot at least once Has the informant ever done transhumance on foot? 1: yes, 0: no 51.02
Transhumant by train at least once Has the informant ever done transhumance by truck? 1: yes, 0: no 68.02
Transhumant on foot Does the informant currently practice transhumance on foot? 1: yes, 0: no 11.56
Transhumant by truck Does the informant currently practice transhumance by truck? 1: yes, 0: no 33.33
Transhumant Does the informant currently practice transhumance? 1: yes, 0: no 42.86
Generation Ordinal
Born after 1975 young 24.49
Born: 1960–1974 middle 23.81
Born: 1945–1959 mature 21.77
Born before 1945 elder 29.93
Education level Ordinal
No studies 0 8.16
Studied until age of 10 1 14.29
Primary education 2 46.26
Secondary education 3 17.01
High school 4 2.72
Vocational education 5 8.16
University 6 3.40
Last transhumance Ordinal
Never 0 6.12
Before 1975 1 5.44
1975–1993 2 10.88
1994–2005 3 23.81
After 2006 4 53.74