Fig. 3. Pilot project design, with a road divided into blocks, each allocated to one treatment type, and plots located in blocks. Treatment 1 is control (C; stirred top-soil, no further treatment), 2 is fertilization treatment (F; 20 g/m2 of granulated NKP-fertilizer added to the stirred top-soil), and 3 is fertilization and seeding treatment (FS; in addition to fertilizer 7 g/m2 of commercial seeds of Festuca rubra were added to the stirred top-soil). Turfs of vegetation are transplanted into all treatments. Five permanent plots are placed randomly in each block.