Fig. 3. Arrernte ecological knowledge is acquired through practical experience but nowadays also partially shared in contexts distant from country and its species. (Left) Veronica Dobson with Kere Atyunpe, Varanus giganteus (Perentie) ca. 1960 (from Flynn 1963); (Middle) Josie Douglas (left) with family and friends on a hunting trip in central Arrernte land, the children show Kere Atyunpe hunted by their family, 2008 (Photo by J. Foster); (Right) Three authors prepare this paper during a focus meeting, 2008 (L–R: Josie Douglas, Fiona Walsh, Veronica Dobson) (Photo by H. Hueneke).