|Key question||Answering the question in NFEPA||Type of knowledge||Skills and other inputs in answering the question|
Specialist information on, for example, wetland delineations, wetland
types, fish sanctuaries, free-flowing rivers, groundwater recharge, and river
condition. Information on existing institutional structures for
conservation and strategic plans also in place.
||Empirical, scientific data||
Various disciplinary specialists on the project team and end-users within
(e.g., ecologists, hydrologists).
|What are we capable of doing?||
The question was answered in terms of what we are capable of doing in
relation to water conservation. The assumption was made that it is impossible to
conserve all the freshwater resources in the country; however, some can be
preserved. Therefore, the project identified priority freshwater ecosystem areas,
advising on which could be developed and which should be conserved.
||Pragmatic knowledge||Various disciplinary specialists, mainly from the natural sciences, with advice from government departments.|
|What do we want to do?||The project team wanted to more effectively implement South Africa’s existing legislation related to freshwater conservation and assist end-users in achieving this.||Value-based/normative knowledge||
Cross-Sector Policy Objectives for Inland Water Conservation (Roux et
existing legislation (e.g., Biodiversity Act),
conversations with end-users, and
inputs from disciplinary specialists.
|What ought we to do?||
At the heart of the project was a team that strongly believed in the
ethical value of balancing development and the protection of ecosystems. This
value is also enshrined in South Africa’s Constitution and related
||Value-based/normative knowledge||Disciplinary specialists and end-users within governmental departments.|
|Note: Adapted from Max Neef (2005).|