Table 1. Hierarchical structure of management units and corresponding historical and recent stocking rates. The complex of neighboring pastures Les Planets and Les Cluds is abbreviated as “Planets-Cluds,” the pasture La Bullatonne-Dessous is abbreviated as “Bullatonne,” and La Rionde-Dessus is abbreviated as “Rionde.” Full names correspond to the Swiss National Map 1:25’000. Historical stocking in the Middle Ages is based on assumptions explained in the text. Stocking densities during the twentieth century are based on the FOAG (1972, 1974). The current stocking rate is calculated according to Allen et al. (2011) as the product of livestock units (LU) and grazing duration per year, divided by the grazed area.

Pasture name (abbreviation)
altitude (m a.s.l = meters above sea level)
geographical coordinates (latitude N/longitude E)
Stocking density (LU/ha)
Area
(ha)
Sector name Paddocks 1100 AD 1900 1900–1950 1950–2000 current Current stocking rate
(LU day ha-1 yr-1)
Planets-Cluds
(1200 m a.s.l)
(46.836828/6.552043)
124.8 Les Planets Ouest 8 1.2 1.48 1.48 1.48 1.79 6 x 170/25.63 = 305.1
Les Planets Milieu Ouest 4 1.2 1.48 1.48 1.48 1.75 16 x 138/9.12 = 242.1
Les Planets Est 9 1.2 1.48 1.48 1.48 1.66 28 x 170/16.88 = 282
Les Planets Milieu Est 5 1.2 1.48 1.48 1.48 1.56 22 x 135/14.12 = 210.3
Les Cluds Milieu 7 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.04 15 x 120/14.48 = 124.3
Les Cluds Sud 7 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.99 23 x 153/23.34 = 150.8
Les Cluds Nord 10 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.88 21 x 120/11.17 = 225.6
Bullatonne
(1300 m a.s.l)
(46.856083/6.564403)
41.1 Bullatonne-Dessous 9 0.8 1.2 1.12 1.12 1.09 45 x 120/41.1 = 131
Pré aux Veaux
(1330 m a.s.l.)
(46.533831/6.208291)
110.9 Pré aux Veaux – Dairy cows 4 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.72 70 x 124/63.8 = 136.1
Pré aux Veaux – Heifers 2 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.72 10 x 124/38 = 32.3
Rionde
(1330 m a.s.l.)
(46.521076/6.195846)
119.6 Rionde-Dessus 3 0.8 0.62 0.75 0.28 0.75 90 x 120/119.6 = 90.3