Fig. 2. Time series of historical climate (yearly values) used for simulation of the pasture’s history since the Middle Ages. Temperature: black; precipitation: grey. Dendrochronological reconstruction of temperature is from 1100 to 1900 AD (Moberg et al. 2005), and regionalized observations are from 1900 to 2000. The abrupt change in temperature variability in 1900 is an artifact, which results from the shift from reconstructed to observed temperature data. Given that this artificial temperature fluctuation is within the variability of the observed time series (see cool years around 1950), we do not expect an unrealistic bias in simulation results.