Table 1. Research strategy (structured interviews with fishermen) to collect the traditional ecological knowledge from Zapotec and Huave ethnics in the Huave Lagoon System, Mexico.

Ethnic group Fishing port Interviewees Experience Fisheries technology Income per fishing trip Main target species
Sex Age Organization Years of practice Number of fishing months/yr Boat material and size (ft) Engine
(hp)
Fishing gear (USD)
Zapotec
Álvaro Obregón 62 52 48 GN 46 CF; OF
48 33 60 GN; SN 8 Cr: OF
M 50 Coop 30 12 F /25 48 GN; EG 23 CF
47 24 60 GN 17
42 26 48 46 CF; Cr
San Vicente M 56 Coop 40 10 No No GN; SN 16 Cr; OF
47 37 12 F /27 60 12 CF; Cr; OF
Playa Unión 47 33 7 W /13 No 12
48 31 12 F /23 55 15 CF; OF
M 50 UnReg 27 W /13 No GN 10
40 25 5 OF
35 10 W /18 15 9 Cr; OF
Chicapa 60 47 F /24 48 GN; SN 8 Cr; OF
57 45 40 GN; EG 23 CF; OF
M 48 UnReg 36 12 15 GN 8 CF; Cr
48 32 W /18 15 GN; SN 15 CF; Cr; OF
41 25 15 GN; EG 8 CF; OF
Xadani
 
M
 
50
 
UnReg
 
30
 
12
 
No
 
No
 
GN; SN
 
8
 
CF; Cr; OF
 
Huave
Playa Copalito M 49 Coop 29 12 F /ND ND GN 8 OF
45 25 F /25 48 27
Huamúchil M 50 Coop 41 6 F /25 48 GN ND CF;OF
San Dionisio del Mar Pueblo Viejo M ND Coop 32 12 No No GN ND CF
San Francisco del Mar Pueblo Nuevo M 59 Coop 49 12 W /18 No SN ND Cr
San Francisco del Mar Pueblo Viejo 83 71 W /18 No SN Cr
M 58 Coop 45 12 W /12 15 GN ND OF
59 44 W /18 No CF; OF
Santa María del Mar M 64 Coop 50 12 No No SM 19 Cr
56 44 F /25 40 GN; SN ND Cr; OF
39 24 F /ND ND GN; EG CF
35 21 F /25 48 GN; SN 46 Cr; OF
San Mateo del Mar 65 51 F /18 GN 23 CF
M ND Coop 50 12 No No SN ND
ND
Cr
49 34 W /18 GN; SN Cr; OF
CF = Carnivore fishes; Coop = Cooperative; Cr = Crustaceans; EG = Encircling gillnet; F = Fiberglass; GN = Gillnet ; M = Masculine; ND = No Data; No = Not Used; OF = Omnivore fishes; SN = Shrimp net; UnReg = Unregistered; W = Wood