Fig. 4. The formative scenario analysis and an external consistency analysis in combination with a functional-dynamic approach to theory-practice cooperation (based on Scholz and Tietje 2002, Stauffacher et al. 2008, Spoerri et al. 2009, Krütli et al. 2010, Trutnevyte et al. 2011). The figure illustrates steps 1.1 to 5.4 of our analysis. The arrows indicate possible sequences within a formative scenario analysis (FSA). The arrow that is drawn from “impact analysis” back to “impact factor identification” illustrates that the selection of impact factors can be reassessed by using the impact analysis. The figure has been developed with reference to von Wirth et al. (2012).