Table 1. Background information for Skaftarhreppur and Skutustadahreppur

Skaftarhreppur Skutustadahreppur
Demographic (number)
Total population 443 385
Villages/population Kirkjubæjarklaustur/115 Reykjahlíð/160
Total farmsteads 34 26
BGL participants 27 15
Livestock (total number)
Sheep 20,574 4799
Cattle 1824 392
Horses 632 111
Geographic
Location SE coast NE inland
Elevation (m.a.s.l.) <100–300 350–450
Mean annual temperature (°C) 4.5 1.4
Annual precipitation (mm) 1645 435
Area (km²)
Total size 6946 6036
Size of lowland 1411 931
Size of highland 2761 3858
Restoration areas 208 137
Vegetation condition (%)
Vegetated lowland 25 42
Poorly vegetated lowland 49 32
Barren lowland 26 25
Vegetated highland 5 0
Poorly vegetated highland 31 1
Barren highland 64 98
Vegetated restoration areas 6 20
Poorly vegetated restoration areas 25 23
Barren restoration areas 69 57