Table 2. Microclimate data overview for the plant growing season (AMJJAS) of 2010. Presented are mean parameter values for each altitude and pasture type.

Altitude [m a.s.l.] 1350 1010 570
Air temperature [°C] 10.0 12.3 15.1
Air humidity [%] 67.3 77.1 71.7
Precipitation [mm] 707.6 599.7 524.6
Pasture type P WP F P WP F P WP F
Soil temperature [°C] 11.2 + 0.2 10.4 + 0.1 9.7 + 0.1 14.8 + 0.1 13.3 + 0.1 12.4 + 0.1 17.5 + 0.2 16.2 + 0.1 15.3 + 0.2
Soil moisture [%] § 42.9 + 2.8 41.3 + 2.3 33.0 + 2.7 28.9 + 1.1 31.8 + 3.6 31.8 + 0.5 25.6 + 0.5 25.7 + 1.1 23.4 + 1.1
Pasture type codes, where P refers to unwooded pasture with 0% canopy shading, WP – sparsely wooded pasture with 40% canopy shading, and F – densely wooded pasture with 80% canopy shading.
‡, § Reported values for soil temperature and moisture are means and standard errors for five replicate plots.