Table 3. Ecosystem services addressed in Melbourne’s strategic spatial plans

Strategic Spatial Plans
Ecosystem services
1929 1954 1971 1980 1987 1992 1995 2002 Total
Supporting Services
A1 Water cycling X - X - - X - X 4
A2 Soil formation - - X - - X X X 4
A3a Nutrient cycling – carbon - - - - - X - X 2
A3b Nutrient cycling – nitrogen - - - - - - - X 1
A3c Nutrient cycling – sulfur - - - - - - - - -
A3d Nutrient cycling - phosphorous - - - - - - - X 1
A4 Primary production - - - - - - - - -
A5 Photosynthesis - - - - - - - - -
A6 Biodiversity - - X X X X X X 6
Sub Total - Supporting 1 - 3 1 1 4 2 6
Provisioning Services
B1 Food - Agriculture - - X - X X X X 5
B2 Food – Commercial fishing - - - - X X - - 2
B3 Food - Wild - - - - - - - - -
B4 Fresh water X X X X X X X X 8
B4b Water - energy - - X - - - - - 1
B4c Water - transportation X X X - X - X X 6
B5 Biochemicals/genetic resource - - - - X X - - 2
B6 Fiber X - X - - X X X 5
B7 Biological energy sources/Fuel - - - - - X - - 1
Sub Total - Provisioning 3 2 5 1 5 6 4 4
Regulating Services
C1a Climate regulation – local - - - - - - - - -
C1b Climate regulation - global - - - - - - - X 1
C2 Air quality regulation X - X - X X - X 5
C3 Water purificat’n/waste treatment X X X - X X X X 7
C4 Water regulation X - X - X X X X 6
C5 Disease regulation - - - - - - - - -
C6 Pest regulation - - - - X - - X 2
C7 Natural hazard regulation X - X - - X - X 4
C8 Erosion regulation - soil retention X - X - X - - X 4
C9 Pollination - - - - - - - - -
C10 Seed dispersal - - - - - - - - -
C11 Noise regulation - - - - - - - - -
Sub Total - Regulating 5 1 5 - 5 4 2 7
Cultural Services
D1 Social relations - - - - - - - - -
D2 Cultural landscape, heritage values - - X X X X X X 6
D3 Sense of place - - - - - - - X 1
D4 Aesthetic X X X X X X X X 8
D5 Inspirational - - - - - - - - -
D6 Recreation and eco-tourism X X X X X X X X 8
D7 Educational & knowledge - - - - X - - - 1
D8 Health X X X X - - - X 5
D9 Spiritual and religious values - - - - - - - - -
Sub Total - Cultural 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 5
TOTAL 12 6 17 6 15 17 11 22