Table 2. Ecosystem services addressed in Stockholm's strategic spatial plans

Strategic Spatial Plans 1936 1958 1966 1973 1978 1991 2001 2010 Total
Ecosystem Services
Supporting Services
A1 Water cycling X - X - X X X X 6
A2 Soil formation - - - - - - - - -
A3a Nutrient cycling - carbon cycle - - - - - X X X 3
A3b Nutrient cycling - nitrogen cycle - - X - - X X X 4
A3c Nutrient cycling - sulfur cycle - - X - - X X - 3
A3d Nutrient cycling - phosphorus - - X - - X X X 4
A4 Primary production - - - - - - - - -
A5 Photosynthesis - - - - - X - - 1
A6 Biodiversity X X X - X X X X 7
Sub Total - Supporting 2 1 5 - 2 7 6 5
Provisioning Services
B1 Food - agriculture - X X X X - - X 5
B2 Food – commercial fishing - X X - - - - X 3
B3 Food - wild - - X - - - - - 1
B4a Water - fresh water X X X X X X X X 8
B4b Water - energy - X X - - - - - 2
B4c Water - transportation X X X - - X X X 6
B5 Biochemicals/genetic resource - - - - - - - - -
B6 Fiber - - X X X - - X 4
B7 Fuel - - - - - - X X 2
Sub Total - Provisioning 2 5 7 3 3 2 3 6
Regulating Services
C1a Climate regulation - local - - - - - - - X 1
C1b Climate regulation - global - - - - - - - - -
C2 Air quality regulation - - X - - X - X 3
C3 Water purificat’n/waste treatment X - X - - - X X 4
C4 Water regulation - - - - - - - X 1
C5 Disease regulation - - - - - - - - -
C6 Pest regulation - - - - - - - - -
C7 Natural hazard regulation - - - - - - - - -
C8 Erosion regulation/soil retention - - - - - - - - -
C9 Pollination - - - - - X X X 3
C10 Seed dispersal - - - - - X X X 3
C11 Noise regulation - - X - - - - - 1
Sub Total - Regulating 1 - 3 - - 3 3 6
Cultural Services
D1 Social relations - - - - - - - X 1
D2 Cultural landscape, heritage values X X X X X X 6
D3 Sense of place - - - - - - - X 1
D4 Aesthetic X - X - X - - - 3
D5 Inspirational - - - - - - - - -
D6 Recreation and eco-tourism X X X X X X X X 8
D7 Educational and knowledge - - - - - - - - -
D8 Health - - X - - - X X 3
D9 Spiritual and religious values - - - - - - - - -
Sub Total - Cultural 3 1 4 1 3 2 3 5
TOTAL 8 7 19 4 8 14 15 22