Table 1. Basic characteristics of the chosen African floodplains

Country (Floodplain) Ethnic groups Floodplain
area (km2)
Local annual
rainfall (mm)
Zambia (Kafue Flats) Ila 6500 800
Cameroon (Waza-Logone) Kotoko, Mousgum, Arab Choa, Fulbe 12,000 500-700
Tanzania 1 (Pangani River Basin) Pare and Maasai 1000 500-800 (plains)
3000 (mountains)
Tanzania 2 (Rufiji Floodplain) Warufiji, Barabaig 10,000 1000
Source: Research team, Hughes and Hughes 1992, Acreman and Hollis 1996, Haller 2010b