Table 7. Results from Dufrêne-Legendre Indicator Value Analysis of associations between landowner study site, landowner responses to closed-ended questionnaire items, and emergent themes regarding (a) landowner and government responsibility for clearing invasive alien plants (IAPs); or (b) the quantity and duration of financial assistance proposed in WfW’s approach.


Factor

Emergent theme(s)
IndVal.
(obs)†
IndVal. from randomization
mean SE p
(a) Study Site
- Wilderness Neighboring public lands have not been cleared 26 15.0 3.1 <0.01
- Citrusdal Riverside properties bear unfair costs 30 8.1 2.6 <0.001
Closed-ended response
- Primarily/solely   landowner Landowners have a duty to steward property 34 18.0 3.9 <0.01
Landowners can clear at a lower overall cost 22 8.6 3.2 <0.01
- Equal responsibility Government coordination is needed 23 15.0 4.0 0.06
- Primarily/solely   government The state’s historic role in IAP introduction and spread 33 15.0 3.8 <0.01
(b) Study Site
- Wilderness Prefer to work more slowly 18 12.0 3.0 0.05
- Citrusdal Ecological unpredictability 31 19.0 3.2 <0.01
†Indicator values are presented as percentage of perfect association.
‡Significance (p < 0.05) was determined with Monte Carlo randomization. Only significant associations are presented.