Table 1. Summary of Working for Water’s (WfW) proposed approach to clear invasive alien plants (IAPs) on private land in the Western Cape, South Africa.

Policy Tool Proposed Action Action Goals
Incentives
Financial assistance WfW provides 100% of the labor costs for the initial clearing, 75% of the labor costs for the first follow-up clearing, 50% of the labor costs for the second follow-up clearing, and 100% of the herbicide costs for the initial clearing and three follow-up clearings. Overcome barriers in landowners’ financial capacity to clear IAPs. Facilitate greater sharing between WfW and private landowners of the costs for clearing IAPs.
Extension services WfW provides expert advice on clearing methods, training, and management support. Provide landowners with guidance, assistance, and motivation to bring IAPs under control.

Disincentives
National regulations Enforcement of national mandates (CARA† and NEMBA ‡) that hold landowners accountable for clearing IAPs on their land. Reinforce landowner motivation to clear IAPs on their property.
Landowner contracts Enforcement of legally binding agreements between WfW and landowners. Landowners agree to pay the remaining portion of the clearing costs during the subsidy period, and to maintain the subsequent follow-up work. Compel landowner accountability for the control of IAPs on their property and facilitate long-term sustainability in the control of the IAPs.
† The Care of Agricultural Resources Act (Act 43 of 1983, amended in 2001)
‡ The National Environmental Management and Biodiversity Act (Act 10 of 2004)