Table 1. Determinants of national death from natural disaster. Panel regression for 125 countries over 5-year and 10-year intervals between 1980 and 2010 using time fixed effects. The dependent variable is the log of deaths per capita. Numbers in parentheses are standard errors based on the heteroskedasticity-reistant and autocorrelation-resistant covariance matrix. HDI = human development index. LEX = life expectancy at birth. EDU = education. Other independent variables not reported here are dummy variables for 17 world regions. Significance codes: 0.01 = ***; 0.05 = **; 0.1 = *.

5-yr 10-yr 5-yr 10-yr 5-yr 10-yr
Log
(disasters/pop., in 1000s)
 
0.695***
(−0.075)
0.698***
(−0.115)
0.699***
(−0.075)
0.678***
(−0.114)
0.729***
(−0.075)
0.725***
(−0.115)
 
Log (density) 0.123*
(−0.067)
0.159*
(−0.096)
0.141**
(−0.068)
0.156
(−0.098)
0.118*
(−0.069)
0.136
(−0.1)
 
Polity score 0.296**
(−0.137)
0.364*
(−0.206)
0.290**
(−0.135)
0.347*
(−0.203)
0.279**
(−0.136)
0.322
(−0.206)
 
Coastal country 1.211***
(−0.189)
1.027***
(−0.272)
1.174***
(−0.188)
0.952***
(−0.269)
1.054***
(−0.19)
0.826***
(−0.275)
 
HDI −5.943***
(−0.818)
−6.658***
(−1.176)
 
LEX component of HDI −2.818**
(−1.135)
−1.321
(−1.633)
−3.274***
(−1.113)
−2.346
(−1.629)
 
GDP component of HDI −0.522
(−0.762)
−0.955
(−1.103)
−0.904
(−0.763)
−1.413
(−1.118)
 
EDU component of HDI −3.626***
(−0.741)
−5.125***
(−1.076)
 
Females, age 20 to 39 yr,
> secondary education
−1.912***
(−0.423)
−2.239***
(−0.625)
 
F-statistic 15.67 8.8 15.49 8.89 14.96 8.21
 
N 706 355 706 355 706 355