Table 4. Results of a choice experiment to determine willingness-to-pay for delivery of environmental services by indigenous people in northern Australia.

Variable Coefficient SD
Improved health of native animals and plants 0.95*** 0.82***
Good attractiveness for recreation 0.80*** 0.61***
Less dependency on government for indigenous people -0.58***
Declining GHG emissions 1.25*** 1.01***
Constant for SQ -4.29*** 2.52***
Annual contribution to PES program -0.01*** 0.01***
Good attractiveness for recreation x Culturally interested§ 0.31*
Declining GHG2 emissions x Culturally interested 0.57***
Improved health of native animals and plants x North Australia| -0.53**
Declining GHG2 emissions x North Australia -0.39*
Model fit:
Log-likelihood -1334.70
Pseudo R-squared 0.47
Number of observations 2307
Number of respondents 337
Halton draws 120
***, **, * : Significance at 1%, 5%, 10% level
GHG: Greenhouse Gas
SQ: Status quo
§ The variable “Culturally Interested” was dummy coded, 1 for those respondents who were interested in aboriginal traditions and cultures, 0 for those uninterested (see Results).
| The variable “North Australia” was dummy coded, 1 for those respondents who lived in north Australia, 0 for those who lived in southern Australia.