Table 2. The applicability of forest management approaches (pFMA) for the different species separated by biogeographic regions. FMA I: nature reserve, II: close-to-nature, III: combined objective, IV: even-aged forestry, V: short rotation. Applicability ranges from small (1) to large (4). Based on author judgment.

FMA
Species Biogeographical region I II III IV V
Abies spp. Atlantic 0 0 4 4 1
Boreal 0 0 3 4 1
Continental 4 4 3 1 0
  Mediterranean 0 0 2 3 1
Larix spp. Atlantic and Boreal 0 1 4 4 3
Continental 1 1 4 4 1
  Mediterranean 0 1 3 2 0
Picea spp. Atlantic 0 1 3 4 4
Boreal 2 3 4 3 1
Continental 2 3 4 4 2
  Mediterranean 1 1 4 4 1
Pinus pinaster Atlantic 0 0 3 4 1
  Mediterranean 1 2 4 4 4
Pinus sylvestris Atlantic 3 4 4 4 4
Boreal and Mediterranean 2 2 4 4 0
  Continental 3 4 4 4 0
Other Pinus spp. Atlantic and Boreal 0 0 4 4 3
Continental 0 1 4 3 2
  Mediterranean 2 2 2 2 0
Pseudotsuga spp. Atlantic 0 1 4 4 3
Continental 0 1 4 4 1
  Mediterranean 0 0 3 4 4
Other conifers All 2 2 2 2 2
Alnus spp. Atlantic 4 4 2 2 1
Boreal 2 2 3 3 1
Continental 3 3 3 2 0
  Mediterranean 4 4 1 1 0
Betula spp. Atlantic 4 4 2 0 0
Boreal 3 3 3 2 0
Continental 2 2 3 2 0
  Mediterranean 4 4 4 1 0
Carpinus spp. Atlantic and Continental 4 4 2 0 0
  Mediterranean 4 4 3 1 0
Castanea spp. Atlantic 0 1 4 4 0
Continental 0 1 2 2 0
  Mediterranean 4 4 3 2 0
Eucalyptus spp. Atlantic 0 0 1 4 4
  Mediterranean 0 0 3 4 4
Fagus spp. Atlantic 4 4 4 3 0
Continental 4 4 4 4 0
  Mediterranean 4 4 4 3 0
Fraxinus spp. Atlantic 2 2 2 2 2
Boreal 4 4 3 1 0
Continental 4 4 4 1 0
  Mediterranean 4 4 4 2 0
Populus spp. Atlantic and Continental and Mediterranean 4 4 4 4 4
  Boreal 2 2 0 0 2
Quercus robur and Q. petraea Atlantic 4 4 4 1 0
Continental 4 4 4 3 2
  Mediterranean 4 4 4 3 0
Other Quercus spp. Atlantic 0 1 3 2 0
Continental 4 4 4 4 2
  Mediterranean 4 4 4 3 0
Robinia spp. Atlantic 0 0 4 4 3
Continental 0 1 4 4 3
  Mediterranean 0 1 4 4 3
Other broad-leaved All 2 2 2 2 2
Multiple species Atlantic and Mediterranean 4 4 2 1 0
Boreal 4 4 3 2 0
Continental 4 4 3 1 0