Table 1. Soil properties used for generic modeling.

Horizon

Thickness
(mm)
Stone fraction
(%)
Texture

Porosity
(volume fraction)
Water content
at field capacity
(volume fraction)
Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech
O O 80 30 0 0 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.3
Ae Ah 50 120 10 10 Sandy loam Sandy loam 0.55 0.6 0.25 0.25
Bs Bw 70 530 10 25 Loamy sand Sandy loam 0.6 0.55 0.25 0.25
Bw Cw 530 350 25 50 Sandy loam Loamy sand 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
Cw
 
 

 
 
350
 
 

 
 
50
 
 

 
 
Loamy sand
 
 

 
 
0.4
 
 
0.2
Horizon

pH
(CaCl2)
C
(mg.g−1 DM)
C/N ratio

CEC
(mmol.kg−1)
Base saturation
(%)
Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech Spruce Beech
O O 3.5 4.2 300 350 25 25 170 15
Ae Ah 3.8 4.2 30 50 20 18 120 100 9 15
Bs Bw 4.2 4.5 15 20 18 10 100 60 10 10
Bw Cw 4.5 4.5 10 7 15 5 70 50 15 15
Cw 4.8 4.8 5 10 60 18 20
Topography: slope 10%, aspect W, elevation 500 m asl, freely draining soil.