Table 4. Comparing newer (Wimmera region: n = 66–70; Corangamite region: n = 85–89) and longer term (Wimmera region: n = 358–398; Corangamite region: n = 315–359) landholders: knowledge. (n denotes the number of respondents. Each item had a different number of respondents owing to missing values; these are indicated by the ranges in n.)

Wimmera natural resource management region Corangamite natural resource management region
Knowledge topic New Longer term P value New Longer term P value
Paddock trees play an important role by providing a place for native animals to shelter and feed 4.16 3.77 < 0.001 Not asked - -
Clearing of native vegetation has substantially reduced the number and variety of native plants and animals in this district 3.71 3.31 0.009 3.53 3.04 < 0.001
Grazing strategies to manage paddock ground cover to minimize soil erosion 3.21 3.59 0.019 Not asked - -
How to collect soil test samples 2.94 3.32 0.009 Not asked - -
How to prepare a farm or property plan that allocates land use according to different land classes 2.71 3.06 0.032 Not asked - -
The benefits of ground cover on grazing or cropping paddocks to maintain or improve soil health Not asked - - 3.00 3.32 0.011
In most cases, the benefits of de-rocking outweigh the environmental costs, such as the loss of native grasslands Not asked - - 3.07 3.33 0.033
The benefits of pastures in crop rotation in maintaining soil health Not asked - - 3.14 3.44 0.003
Legislation about the on-property handling and storage of chemicals Not asked - - 2.79 3.40 < 0.001
How to interpret results from soil testing Not asked - - 2.61 3.09 < 0.001
How to recognize the signs of salinity Not asked - - 2.91 3.21 0.003
How to identify new or emerging weed species Not asked - - 2.81 3.14 0.002
Ability to identify acidic soils in this district Not asked - - 2.48 2.93 < 0.001
How to interpret results for water quality testing Not asked - - 2.24 2.63 0.003
The processes leading to soil acidification in this district Not asked - - 2.06 2.51 < 0.001
The major natural resource management strategies of the Corangamite Catchment Management Authority Not asked - - 1.83 2.29 < 0.001