Table 1. Independent variables used for comparing how landscape and socioeconomic features differed between neighborhoods with different management regimes (i.e., neighborhoods with and without a HOA). Results from t test shown.

Variable n Mean HOA Mean non-HOA t ratio P
Household income 39 $61,878 $52,645 1.05 0.30
Neighborhood age (yr) 39 1984 1977 1.92 0.06
Distance to wildlands (m) 39 3246.6 4259.4 -0.96 0.34
Impervious surface (%) 39 34 32 0.40 0.69
Desert trees 39 9.39 6.25 0.86 0.39