Table 2. Comparisons of adaptive capacity elements with dimensions of Grand Ronde culture through adaptive cycle states from narrative sources.


Adaptive Cycle States
 
Economy & Ecology
 
Society & Polity
 
Ideology & Knowledge
 
Grand Ronde: precontact—living in the conservation phase.
 
portfolio of aquatic & terrestrial resources and sovereignty over these territories
 
26 tribes operating as independent units with their own social and governance systems
 
believing themselves to be part of natural systems
 
Grand Ronde: reservation—experiencing release and reorganization
 
individual income as small farmers and low-wage, logging, and farm labor jobs.
 
emergency of tribal social organization and governance
 
dominant culture devaluing of their cultural ideas & knowledge
 
Grand Ronde: restoration—exploitation and conservation
 
casino on sovereign lands and diversification of economic portfolio
 
more formalized tribal governance and polity
 
creation of synthetic language & culture
 
Narrative synthesis
 
sovereignty over ecological opportunities and creation of economic portfolios
 
leadership, vision and partnerships to affect actions within and between groups
 
ecological knowledge and the values to apply that knowledge