Table 3. Post-1972 oil spill resilience.

Anticipation Reduced
Vulnerability
Response Recovery

Formal Resilience
Government Contingency plans close fisheries biological analysis postspill legislation
alternate employment
programs
compensation program
monitor seafood quality oversight of response NRDA (hold responsible parties liable for costs)
Corporate organization with response capabilities containment devices cap well, skimming, burning, dispersant, boom beach clean up
blowout preventers
 

Inherent Resilience
Community/
Family
family aid law suits
fish elsewhere unemployment compensation
personal economic diversification
move up bayou
Sources: This table relies on sources cited in the text and organizes oil spill related actions according to Wilbanks’ (2008) four elements of resilience.
NRDA = Natural Resource Damage Assessment.