Table 2. Application of Inuit knowledge (IK) extent of occurrence (EO) and IK area of occupancy (AO) values to Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) criteria and comparison with COSEWIC values. See Appendix 1 for glossary of acronyms.

DU/Population IK
Extent of Occurrence
km2
COSEWIC EO km² IK
Area of Occupancy
Km²
COSEWIC Index of
AO km²
COSEWIC Status Designation IK Status
Designation
BELUGA
(Delphinapterus leucas)
Cumberland Sound 23,409 27,000 592 9000 Threatened Threatened
Eastern High Arctic 626,687 250,000 1068 49,000 Special Concern Threatened
West. Hudson Bay 1,763,636 770,000 7139 51,000 Special Concern Not at Risk
             
NARWHAL
(Monodon monoceros)
Baffin Bay 1,052,492 1,250,000 3690 60,000 Special Concern Not at Risk
Hudson Bay 8750 60,000 292 17,000 Not at Risk Endangered
             
POLAR BEAR
(Ursus maritimus)
Polar Bear BB 304,012 868 Threatened
Polar Bear FB 815,790 2135 Not at Risk
Polar Bear GB 78,590 496 Endangered
Polar Bear LS 266,251 1864 Threatened
Polar Bear MC 146,469 304 Endangered
Polar Bear NW 14,454 116 Endangered
IK Total population 3,400,092 Not at Risk
Canadian population 8,700,000 5,600,000 Special Concern
             
WALRUS
(Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus)
Foxe Basin 31,219 50,000 1460 n/a Threatened
High Arctic 354,305 150,000 1018 n/a Threatened
HB/DS 958,554 385,000 2031 n/a Not at Risk
IK Total pop. (No B.I.) 1,702,865 Not at Risk
Canadian Population 750,000 Special Concern
             
PEARY CARIBOU
(Rangifer tarandus pearyi)
Peary High Arctic (Queen Eliz Islands) 163,866 419,061 1249 n/a Endangered Threatened
Peary Low Arctic (PW/Somerset Is.) 37,977 59,065 616 n/a Endangered Threatened
Bold = values below COSEWIC thresholds and potential risk status triggered.
Belcher Island harvest points not included.