Table 1. Definition of Index of Management Condition Indicators and the criteria used for scoring.


Domain Indicator Defined here as:
The degree to which...
Evaluated in a watershed by looking for the following:
Ecological Flow regime the natural water and sedimentation regime has been disrupted presence and magnitude of dams, flow control structures
Water, sediment/soil quality contaminating substances from point and non-point sources are present in the river system measurements of water and sediment/soil quality data exceeding acceptable levels; non-compliance of TMDLs
Riparian ecosystem integrity disruption of the riparian environment has occurred as the result of human activities loss of floodplain connectivity and wetlands; bank erosion; proximity of urban/agricultural development
Biodiversity and food chain integrity the richness, relative abundance, and distribution of vegetation and wildlife has been altered presence and magnitude of invasive/exotic species; presence of threatened or endangered species; absence of keystone species and/or predators
Social Participatory structures & networks stakeholders are empowered to participate in the decision-making process number, durability, and strength of the organizations that stakeholders build “bottom up” in order to express their interests and concerns
Well-being basic human needs are met Income distribution; living/housing conditions, employment of the watershed population sectors; economic growth tendencies
Stakeholder equality stakeholders share power in the decision-making process Presence, magnitude, and differences among influential lobbying or economic groups, NGOs.
Demand for ecosystem integrity the public is informed/aware of and involved in watershed-related environmental and managerial issues Active public participation in organizations, campaigns and public hearings that articulate environmental needs and demands
Institutional Stability management organizations meet their responsibilities and implement decisions independently time scale that the institutional structure has been in operation; record of management decisions and interventions in management plans and monitoring activities
Transparency & Accountability management processes are clear and accessible to the stakeholders. interactions between management and local organizations are fluid and permanent
Legal Instruments enforceable, effective and sound regulatory frameworks exist norms are enforced; there exists a high level of compliance
Planning Capacity management authorities possess the ability, the human resources, and the autonomy to design management initiatives presence of high quality, up-to-date management plans
AM-Enabling Empowering Structures management authorities promote and share management decisions with stakeholders number and role(s) of stakeholder organizations directly involved in the decision-making processes
Effectiveness management authorities possess the capacity and leadership to move the management process forward management plans are implemented and put into practice; policies are established and enforced
Experimentation the management context is conductive to adaptive experimentation managers and scientists have an environment where they collaborate and agree upon on the design and execution of experiments; appropriate experimental scale (both spatial and temporal); appropriate levels of risk and uncertainty
Information & Learning knowledge about the watershed and its uncertainties is recognized and openly discussed strong linkages to academic institutions and research structures
Financial Resources financial resources are sufficient and reliable to support management activities history of sufficient financial support and regularity of funding according to established policy