Fig. 1. The Science-Policy Interface as conceptualized for this Systems Approach Framework (SAF) application (Tett and Sandberg 2011). Institutions are shown as sharp-cornered rectangles, groups of actors as round-cornered rectangles. 'Knowledge', 'decision' and 'deliberation' refer to the characterizing features, for present purposes, of each group of actors. Three levels of governance (constitutional, collective, and operational) are shown. It is a key feature of this schema that only legal persons in civil society can have 'interests' in relation to the application 'Issue', i.e. can be 'stakeholders' in a strict sense. Actors from the institutions of Science and Governance are supposed to be neutral in relation to the differences between the scenarios comprised in the Issue package.

Fig. 1