Fig. 1. Adaptation of the Anderies et al. (2004) conceptual social-ecological system framework showing (i) examples of how it relates to an estuarine system as presented in R. Bowd, N. W. Quinn, D. C. Kotze, D. G. Hay, and M. Mander (unpublished manuscript); and (ii) how the toolkit links with the Anderies et al. (2004) framework in which Step 1 - ecosystem services supply and demand assessment; Step 2 - future estuary roles identification; Step 3 - enterprise opportunity identification; Step 4 - enterprise risk assessment.