Table 1. Contextual aspects of the adaptive comanagement literature


Contextual aspect Description All items Cases in primarily theoretical items Cases in primarily empirical items Cases in all items
Scale of ACM Regional The collaboration is of interest to more than one community 41 29 29 58
Local The collaboration concerns one community 34 14 38 52
Unclear Insufficient detail was provided to discern scale 1 0 2 2
Location and sociopolitical context North America The geographic location of the resource is North America 24 17 15 32
Europe The geographic location of the resource is Europe 20 11 13 24
Asia The geographic location of the resource is Asia 18 14 15 29
Sub-Saharan Africa The geographic location of the resource is Sub-Saharan Africa 12 5 15 20
Latin America The geographic location of the resource is Latin America 5 3 2 5
Australia and Oceania The geographic location of the resource is Australia and Oceania 3 2 2 4
Caribbean The geographic location of the resource is Caribbean 1 0 4 4
North Africa and Middle East The geographic location of the resource is North Africa and the Middle East 1 0 1 1
Unclear Insufficient detail was provided to discern location or sociopolitical context 1 0 2 2
Type of resource or aspect of environment considered Forestry Management of forests and mangroves 17 12 15 27
Fishery Management of small- to large-scale fisheries 16 11 13 24
Water Management of water bodies and resources 13 13 7 20
Wildlife Management of terrestrial and aquatic creatures 10 3 10 13
Wetland Wetland landscapes (e.g., Kristianstads Vattenrike) 9 7 5 12
Protected area Management of parks and protected areas 8 7 3 10
Multiple Multiple resources are addressed without discernable emphasis on one 4 1 7 8
Land management Management of land uses; other resource not specified 3 0 6 6
Coastal Management of coasts and coral reefs 2 1 1 2
Agriculture Management of agriculture 2 1 1 2
Community justice Environmental justice 1 0 1 1
Scale of resource or aspect of environment considered Regional The resource concern is beyond one community 39 29 34 63
Local The resource concerns one community 33 13 33 46
Unclear Insufficient detail was provided to discern scale of resource or aspect of environment considered 1 0 2 2

N.B. The term “case” within the primarily theoretical items is used to capture the presence of an in-depth focus on a particular topic or the presentation of one or more particular studies. For example, the item may be primarily theoretical in orientation and, within it, specifically apply concepts to forestry in North America or present a case study of forestry in Oregon to illustrate the conceptual investigation. The term “case” within the primarily empirical items is used to capture the presence of a particular in-depth study or studies within the item. For example, one empirical item may present three in-depth studies on agriculture in different places. Therefore, the term “case” as used here reflects considerable breadth.