Table 1. Richness of biodiversity features in Cape Town, Republic of South Africa (RSA).†


Biodiversity feature Total indigenous in city Endemic to city Threatened/Red List‡ Locally extinct in city Naturalized Endemic to RSA % RSA in city % RSA Threatened in city
Vegetation type 19 6 16 N/A 19 5 20
Plants > 3350 > 190 450 > 49 > 450 > 2800 17 17
Mammals¦ 83 0 24 8 7 16 28 16
Birds 367 0 22¶ 9 10 16 44 21
Reptiles 60 0 8 2 6 28 14 8
Amphibians 27 2 10 0 3 25 32 30
Freshwater fish# 8 0 5 1 12 7 6 10
†Modified from Rebelo et al. (2011). Biodiversity features include vegetation types covering > 1 km² (Anonymous 2009; A. Driver, personal communication), higher plants (Raimondo et al. 2009), and vertebrates, including mammals (Minter et al. 2004), birds (Barnes 2000), reptiles (Branch 1998; currently under revision, M. Burger, personal communication), amphibians (Minter et al. 2004), and fish (Impson 2007, Tweddle et al. 2009; currently under revision).
‡Extinct, Threatened (CR, EN, and VU), Near Threatened, and Data Deficient species, or threatened ecosystems for vegetation types.
§A small area of CR Swartland Alluvium Renosterveld (< 1 km²) used to occur in the city but has been destroyed.
¦Excluding vagrant and pelagic species.
¶Including locally extinct species.
#Under revision, with Galaxius zebratus and Sandelia capensis to be split into several threatened species, two and one of which may be largely endemic to and threatened in the City, respectively (D. Tweddle, personal communication).