Table 1. Key themes and indicators and resource development issues.

Component Indicator of Change (Observations) Primary Concern
Water quantity water levels in Lesser Slave Lake
wetland streams, creeks drying up
flow interruption and change
extreme events - flooding
 
forestry
oil and gas activity
climate change
Water quality sediment loading/turbidity
color (rust, green, black)
smell
algae bloom
contaminants
 
forestry
oil and gas activity
contamination from the Swan Hills Waste Treatment Centre
Fish body condition (e.g., skinny fish)
contaminants
population (abundance by catch per unit effort)
population diversity (loss of key species)
movements
health of spawning areas
number of fishers/anglers
access by Aboriginal harvesters
 
farming (historic mink farming)
habitat loss or degradation due to forestry, oil, and gas
contamination from the Swan Hills Waste Treatment Centre
Forest Resources and Habitat number/access to berry harvesting sites
color and productivity of species
medicinal plants
forest habitat loss (km²)
vegetation diversity
salt licks used by moose
Contaminants
 
agriculture
forestry
oil and gas activity
contamination from the Swan Hills Waste Treatment Centre
climate change
Moose body fat
fat around the organs (i.e., kidneys)
antler deterioration
bone deterioration,
lesions (e.g., dark spots on lungs)
cysts in liver/hide (resembling warts)
contaminants
 
habitat loss and contamination due to oil and gas activity
contamination from the Swan Hills Waste Treatment Centre
Unknown
Air quality Smell
 
oil and gas activity