Table 4. Influence of education on people’s adaptive capacity.


Factors influencing people’s level of risk Influence of (high level of) education
Illustrative examples of how higher levels of education might reduce risk
Precondition for adequate selection of adaptation measures • Increased risk awareness
• Better access to information on risk, risk reduction, offered institutional assistance, etc.
• Greater ability to assess, and provide authorities information on, own risk situation
• Increased acceptance of (adequate) institutional assistance
• A certain level of community cohesion, good health, time availability, and financial resources
Prevention • Moving out of a risk area (within own settlement or outside own settlement)
Mitigation • Use of an increased number of risk reduction measures, including non-structural measures
• More active use of education-related coping strategies, such as sending children to study outside their own settlement
• Better use of institutional assistance (e.g., through the adequate use and maintenance of constructive measures)
• Better selection of adequate risk reduction measures
Preparedness for response • Acceptance and adequate use of institutional support such as warnings, evacuation, emergency shelter
• Active use of education-related coping strategies, such as temporarily sending children to study outside their own settlement
• Increased mobility
Preparedness for recovery • Improved access to post-disaster credits, life insurance, paid sick leave, pension, etc. (due to formal jobs)
• Better use of institutional support such as recovery credits