Table 1. Average education and income levels in focus and control groups (i.e., people living in high-risk and lower-risk areas) based on recent surveys


Case study Risk Average education of head of household
(years)
Average education of household members
(years)
Average income of head of household
(US$ / BRL)
Total income of household
(US$ / BRL)
Household income per person
(US$ / BRL)
San Salvador High 5.0 6.2 111 243 57
Low 5.7 7.0 71 259 59
 
Rio High 5.6 6.5 818
(≈US$ 485)
1258
(≈US$ 746)
442
(≈US$ 262)
Low 7.0 7.1 801
(≈US$ 475)
1478
(≈US$ 876)
568
(≈US$ 278)
If only those who receive income are included, the average is 6.5.
If only those who receive income are included, the average is 7.3.