Table 1. Effects of feral pigs on different values identified by Jawoyn elders and rangers through the walking narrative assessment.

Values Impacts
Source of food (i.e., small populations need to be maintained in some areas) Pigs provide a food source for local Jawoyn people. Feral animals such as pigs do not have the same strict harvesting and distribution protocols as do native animals hunted in Jawoyn territories, which makes pigs a desirable food source for Jawoyn hunters who are uncertain about protocols required for specific species or places or who wish to minimize conflict when sharing meat with family and community members.
 
Source of income (i.e., there is a desire to retain substantial numbers of pigs in some areas for commercial opportunities) A few Indigenous people are employed in pig control activities or wish to pursue this as an employment opportunity. Some income is generated from Indigenous participation in commercial hunting or harvesting ventures.
 
Tourism (tourists enjoy seeing pigs, but some tourist sites are very damaged by wallows) There have been positive reports from tourists about pig sightings on roads in savanna woodlands; these can lead to denied requests for permission to pursue recreational pig hunting. There have also been negative reports from tourists about pig sign and sightings because of concern about environmental and aesthetic impacts.
 
Impacts on specific species and places Feral pigs reduce the abundance of native yam and freshwater turtle in waterholes and swamps, which are valued food sources. Pig wallows silt up waterholes and create erosion gullys in riverine habitats. There is concern about the spread of weeds caused by pigs moving through the savanna. There is high concern that local disturbance at a local sacred site near one waterhole would cause catastrophic consequences to sites and resources that connect this sacred site to other ecological and sacred features and resources in Jawoyn territories.