Table 3. Differences in vA, vS, and vP scores for different groups of lakeshore users


Lakeshore activities
Socializing with family and friends Practicing sports Thinking and reflecting
NO YES NO YES NO YES
vA N 241 222 351 112 212 251
Mean
(SD)
4.24
(0.78)
4.43
(0.54)
4.27
(0.73)
4.54
(0.43)
4.18
(0.78)
4.46
(0.56)
t -3.07 -4.77 -4.31
Sig. (2-tailed) .002 .000 .000
vS N 215 209 313 109 182 242
Mean
(SD)
3.91
(0.81)
3.89
(0.78)
3.88
(0.81)
3.96
(0.75)
3.87
(0.84)
3.92
(0.76)
t 0.235 0.193 -0.759
Sig. (2-tailed) .659 .365 .448
vP N 214 208 313 109 182 240
Mean
(SD)
4.13
(0.80)
4.08
(0.74)
4.09
(0.79)
4.15
(0.69)
4.03
(0.78)
4.16
(0.76)
t 0.614 0.367 -1.69
Sig. (2-tailed) .499 .466 .093
Note: vA, vS, and vP are not normally distributed. The sample size is sufficiently large for the Central Limit Theorem to hold. We conducted nonparametric Mann-Whitney tests that highlighted the same significant differences with equivalent significance levels.