Table 6. Opinion about the creation of the Western Gulf of Maine Area Closure (WGoMAC) for each of the surveyed groups: (A) Was there conflict between the two knowledge systems during the establishment of the closure? (B) Was fishers’ ecological knowledge (FEK) used in the process of closure establishment? and (C) Were there sufficient levels of communication and knowledge sharing between fishers, scientists, and managers? Values in parentheses are percentages.


  NEFMC AP PDT Fishers Total
(A) Was there conflict between FEK and Science? n = 9 n = 6 n = 10 n = 13 n = 38
Yes 5 (55.6) 2 (33.3) 4 (40.0) 9 (69.2) 20 (52.6)
No 2 (22.2) 2 (33.3) 1 (10.0) 1 (7.7) 6 (15.8)
Don't know 2 (22.2) 2 (33.3) 5 (50.0) 3 (23.1) 12 (31.6)
 
(B) Was FEK used?
 
n = 9
 
n = 6
 
n = 10
 
n = 12
 
n = 37
Yes 6 (66.7) 4 (66.7) 6 (60.0) 7 (58.4) 23 (62.2)
No 2 (22.2) 2 (33.3) 0 (0.0) 4 (33.3) 8 (21.6)
Don't know 1 (11.1) 0 (0.0) 4 (40.0) 1 (8.33) 6 (16.2)
 
(C) Was there knowledge sharing and communication?
 
n = 9
 
n = 6
 
n = 9
 
n = 12
 
n = 36
Yes 3 (33.3) 0 (0.0) 3 (33.3) 1 (8.3) 7 (19.4)
No 4 (44.5) 3 (50.0) 2 (22.2) 7 (58.4) 16 (44.5)
Don't know 2 (22.2) 3 (50.0) 4 (44.5) 4 (33.3) 13 (36.1)
NEFMC = New England Fishery Management Council; AP = Advisory Panel; PDT = Plan Development Team