Table 2. Ownership and access to resources



Community Ownership Access
Mexico
Caobas Communally owned land (ejido) Forest resources communally owned by ejidatarios
Yaxcabá Communally owned land (ejido) Forest resources communally owned by ejidatarios
Naranjal Poniente Communally owned land (ejido) Forest resources communally owned by ejidatarios

Brazil
Mazagão All várzea is public land. Resource use permission documents are being issued to access above-ground resources; most families still waiting for this
OCT Public land, set aside for community management as an extractive reserve (RESEX). Communities in RESEX are meant to have exclusive access to resources. Managed communally
MAFLOPS Dependent on settlement type (collective or inidividual lots). Currently, private titling on the way. Access to resources on private properties. Some colonists confused about their access rights once signing contract with logging company (Some colonists’ comments: “I don’t really understand. It’s a reserved area of IBAMA [Federal Institute for Environment and Renewable Natural Resources]. We can’t touch it.” “We can’t really enter there.”