Table 3. Impact Evaluation Matrix: respondents were asked to assign a value of 0 (adverse impact) to 100 (best impact) for each cell, row by row. The cells show the means and standard deviations in () from the individual level workshop respondents (N = 18).

Values Spatial Dimension National Park Game Reserve Game Controlled Area Multiple Use Area Open Area
Economic welfare (GDP/Capita) Local 12.50
(13.95)
21.50
(15.35)
37.50
(18.80)
53.06
(26.13)
60.56
(37.33)
National 72.50
(22.96)
63.06
(22.50)
46.39
(21.20)
42.22
(25.79)
31.39
(25.99)
International 39.72
(28.51)
35.56
(31.14)
21.94
(20.59)
19.39
(19.59)
10.06
(13.37)
Good Governance Local 29.44
(26.22)
31.94
(23.46)
42.50
(23.21)
51.39
(31.75)
47.00
(36.91)
National 50.83
(31.58)
46.67
(29.30)
47.22
(27.61)
55.56
(28.64)
41.94
(35.65)
International 48.89
(30.70)
40.56
(25.66)
33.89
(27.36)
27.22
(19.79)
14.67
(19.30)
Socio-cultural Values Local 27.33
(34.89)
31.39
(27.69)
47.22
(27.61)
64.44
(23.06)
63.33
(31.90)
National 25.83
(27.66)
33.61
(23.75)
33.33
(24.07)
44.17
(31.91)
36.28
(35.68)
International 25.28
(28.97)
22.72
(26.90)
22.50
(23.02)
24.17
(29.71)
18.17
(32.30)
Social Equity Local 8.61
(11.48)
18.06
(17.99)
39.44
(25.60)
58.33
(25.14)
60.94
(29.80)
National 36.11
(28.98)
32.22
(22.37)
36.78
(23.95)
45.89
(27.30)
34.61
(29.77)
International 30.44
(30.78)
36.61
(26.90)
38.44
(22.22)
40.94
(32.63)
29.00
(36.05)
Ecosystem Services Local 53.61
(33.72)
48.61
(32.16)
61.39
(27.59)
62.50
(29.86)
45.61
(34.04)
National 72.50
(22.96)
60.56
(25.31)
57.78
(24.08)
43.89
(29.53)
24.44
(28.52)
International 67.72
(36.28)
51.56
(31.24)
44.83
(23.32)
28.78
(19.81)
19.33
(20.25)
Biodiversity Protection Local 57.22
(39.07)
50.28
(32.69)
48.06
(27.07)
52.50
(30.54)
30.11
(35.79)
National 80.28
(22.45)
68.06
(22.03)
50.83
(23.02)
41.94
(26.41)
18.33
(25.78)
International 78.56
(31.09)
67.11
(28.45)
46.11
(25.65)
38.11
(28.42)
12.22
(16.46)