Fig. 5. Schematic of the SAF implementation for an ICZM Policy Issue.
The implementation is a loop that begins with a question (Policy Issue) and ends with the evaluations of the options (Scenarios) concerning that Policy Issue. Essential to the SAF is the identification of a quantifiable Impact that is the focus of policy attention. A participating stakeholder group follows and interacts with the implementation. The design of the simulation analysis begins with the Impact and its cause in the environmental component and with its response in the social and economic components. The four steps are progressive but allow for iterative corrections up until the final Output Step. The output is formatted for the decision makers, the stakeholders, and for the public. The first and last steps are more holistic, and the second and third steps are more reductionistic.