Table 2. Diversity of village rules for tree foliage recollection in the upper valley of the At Bouguemmez (extracted from Cordier & Genin 2008).

Village Forest ‘Outside Agdal Forest “Agdal
Rbat n Oufela O : October to April
F : Cutting: 2 days/week
Q : 1 human or donkey load per household
O : only if snow
F : every day
Q : no restrictions
Akourbi O : October to March
F : No restriction
Q : Free amount, but use of mule or donkey forbidden
O : only if snow
F : every day
Q : Quantities depending upon size of family flock
Ibaqalliun Reduced surface
O: No restriction where cutting is authorized. An area has been fully excluded from harvesting due to its advanced degradation.
O : Only if snow, decision by the community representative (Naïb) : 6-10 days/year
Q : Free amounts
One Agdal has been closed for many years
Taghoulid O : only if snow
F, Q : No restriction
O : Only if snow
Q : No restriction
C : Rotation between 2 sectors
Ifrane O : November to March
Q : 1 to 3 loads/household depending upon flock size
O : Only if snow
Q : 1 to 3 loads/household depending upon flock size
C : 2 sectors : 2 opened per year
Aït Ouchi O : October to April
F, Q : No restriction
Current negotiation for more restrictive rules because of degradation
O : Only if snow
Q : 1 to 3 loads/household depending upon flock size
C : Only 1 Agdal opened per year (2 Agdals on the village territory)
E : Some years only holm oak cutting authorized
Ighirine / Iguelwane O : November to March
F, Q : No restriction
O : Only if snow
C : 2 sectors opened per year (on 6)
F : 1 day/week
Q : 2 to 3 loads per household (annual decision of the village assembly)
E : Only holm oak
Aït Ouham Almost no availability O : Very scarce opening (12 ultimate years of exclosure)
1 to 10 days if particularly heavy snowfall
Zaouit Alemzi Almost no availability O : Only one Agdal opened per year (2 Agdals in the village territory) if snowfall event
Q : 1 human load/household


O: periods of opening; F: Week frequency of authorization of cutting; Q: amounts authorized; C: eventual rota schemes for the use of Agdals; E: Tree species to be exploited